When laminated glass breaks, the pieces of glass are held in place by the interlayer, which prevents them from falling out and potentially causing harm.
While it is possible for burglars to break laminated glass, it is much more difficult than breaking monolithic glass.
Yes, laminated glass can reduce UV rays, especially if it has a special UV-blocking interlayer.
The thickest glass in the world is over 60 inches thick and is used for the observation window of deep-sea submersibles.
The thickness tolerance for laminated glass is typically +/- 0.2mm.